In researching the existing literature regarding the problem of the media and propaganda, there must first of all be right definitions for the terms 'propaganda' and 'media' in the context of politics and battle. Next follows an research of the several articles and works already undertaken about the media's function (as a propaganda software) and the potency of this specific sort of propaganda. Thereby also concerns different pending questions about the different human perspectives of propaganda that's spread by the mass media. Lastly, there is the overview of literature with regards to propaganda all together.
Definitions of the media and propaganda
In identifying the topic scope, the word 'media' identifies the plural of the term 'medium' (Pearsall 1999). In this context, the 'press' is thought as 'the main method of mass communication in varieties of television, newspapers and the air.' (1999: 884).
Petley states, that the term 'propaganda' identifies 'the deliberate make use of newspapers, television and other mass media to impact people's attitudes (2000:26). Petley as well states that propaganda is normally '[used] often [by] employing lies and distortion'. Pratkanis and Aronson share comparable views on Petley's statement, suggesting the thought of propaganda being carried out 'through manipulation of symbols and of our most elementary human emotions' (1992:13).
Literature on the media and propaganda
In researching existing works about the utilization of the press to spread propaganda in war, we've seen different perspectives of the authors. Dietz suggests that propaganda is usually a literary war